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Learner readiness for online learning: Scale development and student perceptions

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Computers & Education Volume 55, Number 3, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a multidimensional instrument for college students’ readiness for online learning. Through a confirmatory factor analysis, the Online Learning Readiness Scale (OLRS) was validated in five dimensions: self-directed learning, motivation for learning, computer/Internet self-efficacy, learner control, and online communication self-efficacy. Research data gathered from 1051 college students in five online courses in Taiwan revealed that students’ levels of readiness were high in computer/Internet self-efficacy, motivation for learning, and online communication self-efficacy and were low in learner control and self-directed learning. This study found that gender made no statistical differences in the five OLRS dimensions, but that higher grade (junior and senior) students exhibited significantly greater readiness in the dimensions of self-directed learning, online communication self-efficacy, motivation for learning, and learner control than did lower grade (freshman and sophomore) students.


Hung, M.L., Chou, C., Chen, C.H. & Own, Z.Y. (2010). Learner readiness for online learning: Scale development and student perceptions. Computers & Education, 55(3), 1080-1090. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved September 26, 2022 from .

This record was imported from Computers & Education on January 30, 2019. Computers & Education is a publication of Elsevier.

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