The impact of multiple representations of content using multimedia on learning outcomes across learning styles and modal preferences
Michael Sankey, University of Southern Queensland, Australia ; Dawn Birch, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia ; Michael Gardiner, University of Southern Queensland, Australia
IJEDICT Volume 7, Number 3, ISSN 1814-0556 Publisher: Open Campus, The University of the West Indies, West Indies
The innovative use of educational technologies provides valuable opportunities for educators to design an enhanced, interactive, more inclusive and engaging curriculum. Key pedagogical motivations for utilising educational technologies include the desire to improve learning performance and student engagement. In particular access to multimedia has provided an opportunity to present multiple representations of key content areas using a combination of text, video, aural and interaction to cater more effectively for different learning styles and modal preferences. This paper presents the findings of an experiment to measure the impact of multiple representations on learning outcomes, including student learning performance and engagement. While in this pilot study multiple representations of content did not lead to a significant improvement in learning performance (although it did improve slightly), students reported very favourably on their use of the multimodal learning elements and perceived that these had assisted comprehension and retention of the material. Implications for educators, limitations of the experimental methodology and directions for future research are also presented.
Sankey, M., Birch, D. & Gardiner, M. (2011). The impact of multiple representations of content using multimedia on learning outcomes across learning styles and modal preferences. International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, 7(3), 18-35. Open Campus, The University of the West Indies, West Indies.