Women and minority gains in a rapidly changing local labor market: The San Francisco Bay area in the 1980s
Economics of Education Review Volume 15, Number 3 ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
The 1980s in the United States were a decade of significant labor market gains for women of all races and ethnic groups in the context of increased wage inequality. This paper shows that in one important California labor market higher incomes paid to women (especially Anglo women) came primarily not from sectoral shifts but from broad-based (across all economic sectors) incorporation of women into high-skilled jobs within sectors and from higher incomes paid to women within occupational categories. Such changes were part of a more general move by industries to hire lower-cost female labor into previously white male-dominated professional and managerial jobs. The moves generally favored Anglo women over Latinas and women of Asian origin.
Carnoy, M. & Gong, W. Women and minority gains in a rapidly changing local labor market: The San Francisco Bay area in the 1980s. Economics of Education Review, 15(3), 273-287. Elsevier Ltd.