Marijuana consumption and school failure among Spanish students
Economics of Education Review Volume 25, Number 5 ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
This paper examines the hypothetically bi-directional relationship which links marijuana consumption and school failure among students. To that end, we propose a simultaneous probability model, which is estimated by using the information provided by the three consecutive waves from the Spanish Surveys on Drug Use in the School Population [(1996, 1998 and 2000). Spanish Government's Delegation for the National Plan On Drugs, Madrid, Spain]. Our results confirm that whilst marijuana consumption is a determinant for school failure among Spanish students, we do not find evidence in the opposite direction. Moreover, explanatory variables, such as the presence of smokers at home, a mono-parental situation or unhealthy habits, among others, are good predictors for both marijuana consumption and school failure.
Duarte, R., Escario, J.J. & Molina, J.A. Marijuana consumption and school failure among Spanish students. Economics of Education Review, 25(5), 472-481. Elsevier Ltd.