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The Disenfranchised in the Myth of Universal Computing

, The University of South Dakota, United States ; , Tajen Institute of Technology, Taiwan

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Lugano, Switzerland ISBN 978-1-880094-53-2 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


Cyberchange advocates need to curb enthusiasm for the vision of universal computing available to everyone. Large numbers of people remain disenfranchised, with either inferior service or no access. The continued dominance of urban markets controls the direction of the free enterprise development of computing. Less populated and smaller market in rural parts of the world go unserved or put up with much slower, inferior, and non-competitive access. Even in the US Midwest, rural people, including many seniors, continue to struggle with slow speed modems, if at all. Women continue to be significantly less receptive to the cyberlearning vision than men. Studies in the US and Asia continue to show that cyberspace advocates have yet to promote a concept of a better society that many women will advocate. National and global interventions are necessary to recognize sociological issues and to make policies that will distribute access for the achievement of the vision.


Bright, L.K. & Wang, T.S. (2004). The Disenfranchised in the Myth of Universal Computing. In L. Cantoni & C. McLoughlin (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2004--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 5288-5293). Lugano, Switzerland: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved December 5, 2021 from .