Fostering Critical Thinking Skills Through a Web-Based Tutorial Programme for Final Year Medical Students— A Randomized Controlled Study
Shekhar M. Kumta, Pak L. Tsang, Leung K. Hung, Jack C.Y. Cheng, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia Volume 12, Number 3, ISSN 1055-8896 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC USA
Purpose. To study the performance of final year medical students, at the end of module assessments, following exposure to a web-based tutorial programme designed to facilitate critical thinking and logical reasoning.
Method. Multimedia enhanced web-based tutorials based on patient oriented problems, designed to develop higher cognitive skills in students, were used as a supplement to an existing curricular programme for final year medical students attending an orthopaedic surgery rotation. We tested this intervention in a group of 163 final year medical students. Clusters of 15 students were randomly assigned either to an intervention or a control group. Students were examined for their clinical examination skills, critical thinking abilities, and specific factual knowledge based on curricular requirements.
Results. Mean scores between control and intervention group were analyzed, and the intervention group outperformed the control group (Statistically Significant).
Conclusion. Interactive web-based tutorial programmes can be successfully designed to develop higher cognitive skills in medical students. This results in more sound clinical decision making skills than simple noninteractive, content-rich web resources.
Kumta, S.M., Tsang, P.L., Hung, L.K. & Cheng, J.C.Y. (2003). Fostering Critical Thinking Skills Through a Web-Based Tutorial Programme for Final Year Medical Students— A Randomized Controlled Study. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 12(3), 267-273. Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
© 2003 Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
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Yehudit Judy Dori, Orit Herscovitz & Zvia Kaberman, Technion, Israel
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