You are here:

Construction and Validation of a Motivation Scale in e-Learning environment

, , , , Ewha Womans University, Korea (South)

E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, in Quebec City, Canada ISBN 978-1-880094-63-1 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), San Diego, CA


The purpose of the present study is to develop a motivation scale to measure level of motivation for government employees in e-learning . Based on the results of a literature review, three dimensions of learners' motivation related to performance were identified; 1) academic self-efficacy, 2) task value, and 3) perceived choice. The study was conducted with eleven items and administered to 290 learners. For items analysis, EFA(Exploratory factor analysis) was performed with 145 participants in Study 1. In order to validate the scale in Study 2, CFA(Confirmatory factor analysis) were conducted to the last 145 participants. This research reports the reliability and validity of the new scale. A follow-up study is in progress to identify the relationship between motivation status and learning outcomes.


Joo, Y.J., Kim, N.Y., Kim, S.N. & Cho, H.K. (2007). Construction and Validation of a Motivation Scale in e-Learning environment. In T. Bastiaens & S. Carliner (Eds.), Proceedings of E-Learn 2007--World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (pp. 2036-2042). Quebec City, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 18, 2019 from .


View References & Citations Map


  1. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.
  2. Bentler, P.M (1990). Comparative Fit Indices in Structural Models. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 238-246.
  3. Bong, M. (2001). Role of self-efficacy and task-value in predicting college students' course performance and future enrollment intentions. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 26, 553-570.
  4. Bong, M. (1998). Self-efficacy and self-regulated learning: Implications for educational technology research. Journal of Educational Technology, 14(1), 97-118.
  5. Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2000). The "what" and "why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268.
  6. Eccles, J.S., & Harold, R.R. (1991). Gender differencesa in sport involvement: applying the Eccles’ expectancy-value model. Journal of Applied sport psychology, 3, 7-35.
  7. Feather, N.T. (1988). Values, valencesa, and course enrollment: Testing the role of personal values within an expectancy-valence framework. Journal of educational psychology, 80, 381-391.
  8. Joo, Y.J., Bong, M., & Choi, H.J. (2000). Self-efficacy for self-regulated learning, academic self-efficacy, and internet selfefficacy in web-based instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 48(2), 5-17.
  9. Meece, J.L., Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J.S. (1990).Predictors of math anxiety and its influence on young adolescents’ course
  10. Pintrich, P R. & DeGroot, E.V.(1990). Motivational and self-regulated learning components of classroom academic performance. Journal of educational psychology, 82, 33-40.
  11. Schunk, D.H. (1991). Self-efficacy and academic motivation. Educational Psychologist, 26, 207-231.
  12. Stiger, J.H., & Lind. J. (1980). Statistically based tests for the number of common factors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City.
  13. Tucker, L.R., & Lewis, C. (1973). A reliability coefficient for maximum likelihood factor analysis. Psychometrika, 38, 1-10.
  14. Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J. (1992). The development of achievement task values: A theoretical analysis. Developmental Review, 12, 265-310.
  15. Youn, J.R., Kang, S.B, & Kim, H.C. (2002). A study on the effect of the affective characteristics of educational training participants on their training. Daehan Journal of Business, 33, 3-44.

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact