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Sixth-Grade Students’ Motivation and Development of Proportional Reasoning Skills While Completing Robotics Challenges
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, , New Jersey City University, United States

Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, in Savannah, GA, United States ISBN 978-1-939797-13-1 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA

Abstract

This mixed-methods study examined whether a robotics unit intervention with 28 sixth-grade students improved students' mathematical proportional reasoning skills and intrinsic motivation. Proportional reasoning is a difficult mathematics concept to teach. Hands-on applied robotics challenges within a constructionist/authentic learning environment helped students develop proportional reasoning skills. By using three different-sized wheels and programming the robots to travel exact distances, students learned proportional reasoning mathematic skills in real-world situations. The nonparametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test found statistically significant differences in students' change scores on two separate pre- and post-test proportional reasoning assessments, a Researcher Instrument (p = .000) and the Proportional Reasoning Diagnostic Instrument (p = .006). Scores across all categories on the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory indicated strong intrinsic motivation. The connection between robotics and real-world applications appears to have motivated students to learn. Researchers should consider robotics units as an alternative method to develop students’ proportional reasoning skills and intrinsic motivation.

Citation

Puglia, J. & Carnahan, D.C. (2016). Sixth-Grade Students’ Motivation and Development of Proportional Reasoning Skills While Completing Robotics Challenges. In G. Chamblee & L. Langub (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 37-43). Savannah, GA, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved April 19, 2019 from .

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