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Virtual Humans and Gesturing during Multimedia Learning: An Investigation of Predictions from the Temporal Contiguity Effect
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, , Arizona State University, United States

E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, in Las Vegas, NV, USA ISBN 978-1-939797-05-6 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), San Diego, CA

Abstract

Virtual Humans are becoming an easily available and popular component of multimedia learning that are often used in online learning environments. While they offer new affordances for multimedia learning, little systematic research has been conducted to investigate their effectiveness. The current study investigates the timing of a virtual human’s gestures for guiding the learner through a multimedia display using predictions based on the Temporal Contiguity Effect of the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning. The study randomly assigned 106 participants to one of four conditions (On-time, Gesture before, Gesture after, and No Gesture). A preliminary analysis of multiple-choice questions indicated that, consistent with predictions, having a virtual human gesture at a multimedia component simultaneously or slightly after significantly improved learning over gesturing before or no gesture.

Citation

Twyford, J. & Craig, S. (2013). Virtual Humans and Gesturing during Multimedia Learning: An Investigation of Predictions from the Temporal Contiguity Effect. In T. Bastiaens & G. Marks (Eds.), Proceedings of E-Learn 2013--World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (pp. 2145-2149). Las Vegas, NV, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved April 21, 2019 from .

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