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Developing, Testing and Refining of a Model to Understand the Relationship between Peer Interaction and Learning Outcomes in Computer-Mediated Conferencing
ARTICLE

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Distance Education Volume 25, Number 1, ISSN 0158-7919

Abstract

Our pervasive adoption of CMC in higher education has far outpaced our understanding of the nature of CMC and, accordingly, how this medium should best be used to promote higher-order learning (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, "American Journal of Distance Education," 15 (1), 7-23, 2001). Therefore, this study examined the relationship between peer interaction and learning outcomes by creating and testing through structural equation modeling a model of five variables--learner characteristics measured by self-construal, perceived teaching style, task design, course requirements, and prior CMC experience--that influence self-reported peer interaction and self-reported learning outcomes. The results showed that perceived teaching style had a small direct effect (0.23) and prior CMC experience had a moderate direct effect (0.31) on self-reported peer interaction; self-reported peer interaction had a strong direct effect (0.66) on self-reported learning outcomes.

Citation

LaPointe, D.K. & Gunawardena, C.N. (2004). Developing, Testing and Refining of a Model to Understand the Relationship between Peer Interaction and Learning Outcomes in Computer-Mediated Conferencing. Distance Education, 25(1), 83-106. Retrieved October 18, 2019 from .

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