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Classroom community at a distance: A comparative analysis of two ALN-based university programs

Internet and Higher Education Volume 4, Number 2, ISSN 1096-7516 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


This study examined sense of community in two university distance-education programs that differed only in the amount of face-to-face contact. The "Sense of Classroom Community Index", second edition (SCCI2), was used to measure community in 38 graduate students who were pursuing a doctorate in education. Multivariate analysis of variance and post hoc discriminant analysis procedures showed that community was stronger in the program that provided learners more and diverse opportunities to interact with each other and that the most important community components in which the groups differed were spirit and trust. Research results lend support to Cutler's [(1996). Technologies, relations, and selves. In: L. Strate, R. Jacobson, & S. B. Gibson (Eds.), Communication and cyberspace: social interaction in an electronic environment (pp. 317–333). Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.] hypothesis that socialization can lead to greater feelings of trust and satisfaction which, in turn, lead to a greater sense of community.


Rovai, A.P. (2001). Classroom community at a distance: A comparative analysis of two ALN-based university programs. Internet and Higher Education, 4(2), 105-118. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved September 25, 2022 from .

This record was imported from Internet and Higher Education on February 1, 2019. Internet and Higher Education is a publication of Elsevier.

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