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Beyond Interaction: The Relational Construct of "Transactional Presence."

Open Learning Volume 17, Number 2, ISSN 0268-0513


Defines transactional presence as the degree to which a distance student perceives the availability of, and connectedness with, other parties involved in a distance education setting. Analyzes distance education literature in light of interpersonal relationships and discusses the concepts of presence, telepresence, social presence, student-teacher relationships, student-student relationships, and student -institution relationships. (Contains 89 references.) (Author/LRW)


Shin, N. (2002). Beyond Interaction: The Relational Construct of "Transactional Presence.". Open Learning, 17(2), 121. Retrieved March 18, 2019 from .

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