You are here:

The Dynamism and Flexibility of Computer Technology Implementation in the Middle Schools in a Centralized Educational System

American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting,


Taiwan is trying to become an information society. The government is using various strategies to encourage schools to implement computer technology. In the 1980s, colleges and high schools began using computers. Junior high schools began this process in the mid-1980s. There is a lack of research on the influences of those government policies at the junior high school level. Case studies were conducted on computer implementation in two middle (junior high) schools in Taipei. These studies focused on how national and local policies were actually implemented. Data were collected on the uses of computers, hardware and software, curriculum, personnel training, and personnel attitudes toward the implementation. Methods of collecting data included interviews, field observation, document analysis, and questionnaires. Persons interviewed were people involved in the implementation process, including government officials, school teachers, staff members, and school administrators. Major findings were as follows: both schools applied computers mostly in administration rather than instruction; both schools experienced difficulties in coordinating the complexities of technology implementation; one school strictly followed the government policy and received abundant resources and support from the government, and relatively few school personnel were actively involved; the other school acted more autonomously in implementing computers its own way, comparatively more school personnel were involved actively, and this school advanced further in technology growth. (Contains 53 references.) (Author/JLB)


Hsin, S.C. (1995). The Dynamism and Flexibility of Computer Technology Implementation in the Middle Schools in a Centralized Educational System. Presented at American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting 1995. Retrieved October 19, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ERIC on April 18, 2013. [Original Record]

ERIC is sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.

Copyright for this record is held by the content creator. For more details see ERIC's copyright policy.


Cited By

View References & Citations Map

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact