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How College Students Spend Their Time Communicating

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International Journal of Listening Volume 22, Number 1, ISSN 1090-4018


This study sought to assess how college students spend their time communicating and what impact, if any, communications devices may be having on how that time is spent. Undergraduates (N = 696) at four southeastern colleges were surveyed. Results revealed that listening comprises 55.4% of the total average communication day followed by reading (17.1%), speaking (16.1%), and writing (11.4%). Each of these communication behaviors includes some aspect of Internet use. College students spend as much time listening to media as they do engaged in interpersonal interactions. New technology is changing the way mediated communication activities are perceived. A different paradigm of expressive, receptive, and interactive communication is offered. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)


Emanuel, R., Adams, J., Baker, K., Daufin, E.K., Ellington, C., Fitts, E., Himsel, J., Holladay, L. & Okeowo, D. (2008). How College Students Spend Their Time Communicating. International Journal of Listening, 22(1), 13-28. Retrieved February 21, 2019 from .

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