Supporting learning using external representations
Computers & Education Volume 51, Number 4, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
External representations can be powerful for supporting learners in both individual and collaborative learning scenarios. They encourage learners to focus on important instructional elements. In this study, we investigate two different forms of external representations: textually represented collaboration scripts and graphically represented content schemes. Fifty-three triads of university students are assigned to four experimental conditions involving the factors collaboration script and content scheme. Results show that learners particularly benefit from the content scheme. Its graphical elements help focus the learners’ collaboration and they therefore achieve better outcomes.
Ertl, B., Kopp, B. & Mandl, H. (2008). Supporting learning using external representations. Computers & Education, 51(4), 1599-1608. Elsevier Ltd.
- College Students
- Computer Assisted Instruction
- computer-mediated communication
- Cooperative learning
- Cooperative/collaborative learning
- Distance education and telelearning
- Distributed learning environments
- higher education
- Human–computer interface
- Instructional Effectiveness
- Outcomes of Education
Cited ByView References & Citations Map
Fei Gao, Bowling Green State University, United States
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2012 (Mar 05, 2012) pp. 345–349
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