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Community of Inquiry Framework: Validation and instrument development
ARTICLE

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IRRODL Volume 9, Number 2, ISSN 1492-3831 Publisher: Athabasca University Press

Abstract

Citation

Arbaugh, B., Cleveland-Innes, M., Diaz, S., Garrison, R., Ice, P., Richardson, J., Shea, P. & Swan, K. (2008). Community of Inquiry Framework: Validation and instrument development. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 9(2),. Athabasca University Press. Retrieved July 21, 2019 from .