Scaffolding Preservice Teachers' Higher-Order Reasoning During Technology Integration: A Design Research Inquiry
Yan Shen, North Carolina State University, United States ; Michael Hannafin, University of Georgia, United States
Journal of Technology and Teacher Education Volume 21, Number 4, ISSN 1059-7069 Publisher: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education, Waynesville, NC USA
This study is part of an ongoing design research to scaffold preservice teachers’ higher-order reasoning while solving technology integration problems. Informed by previous iterations, we designed and examined progressively increasing scaffolds that integrated multiple scaffolding functions to facilitate three technology-based lesson design projects. The preservice teachers initially demonstrated superficial analysis, convergent ideation, and little evaluation when only limited procedural, conceptual, metacognitive, and strategic scaffolds were provided. Increased procedural and conceptual scaffolds in the second project improved the preservice teachers’ analytic and generative reasoning skills, as they identified multiple challenges, technology tools, and lesson ideas to integrate technology. When the third project incorporated additional metacognitive and conceptual supports in structured procedural steps, the preservice teachers’ analysis of teaching context, generation of lesson ideas, and evaluation of alternatives improved further. Based on these and previous findings, we proposed four principles of developing preservice teachers’ higher-order reasoning skills during technology integration.
Shen, Y. & Hannafin, M. (2013). Scaffolding Preservice Teachers' Higher-Order Reasoning During Technology Integration: A Design Research Inquiry. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 21(4), 433-459. Waynesville, NC USA: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education.
© 2013 Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education
Cited ByView References & Citations Map
Manjari Banerjee, Zhihong Xu, Luchen Jiang & Hersh Waxman, Texas A&M University, United States
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2017 (Mar 05, 2017) pp. 89–94
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