Effects of adult health interventions at scale on children’s schooling: Evidence from antiretroviral therapy in Zambia
Adrienne M. Lucas, Department of Economics, Lerner College of Business and Economics, United States ; Margaret Chidothe, Nicholas L. Wilson, Department of Economics, United States
Economics of Education Review Volume 72, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
In 2007, approximately one in five children in Zambia lived with an HIV positive adult. We identify the effect of adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) availability at scale on children’s educational outcomes by combining data on the expansion of ART availability with two national household surveys that include HIV testing. Through a triple difference specification, we find that the availability of ART increased the likelihood that children in households with HIV positive household heads started school on time and were the appropriate grade-for-age. Two mechanisms were likely decreased incidental infections in the household and related care giving duties.
Lucas, A.M., Chidothe, M. & Wilson, N.L. (2019). Effects of adult health interventions at scale on children’s schooling: Evidence from antiretroviral therapy in Zambia. Economics of Education Review, 72(1), 107-120. Elsevier Ltd.