Does childhood work impede long-term human capital accumulation? Empirical evidence from rural Ethiopia
Essa Chanie Mussa, Alisher Mirzabaev, Center for Development Research (ZEF), Germany ; Assefa Admassie, Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA), Ethiopia ; Emmanuel Nshakira-Rukundo, Joachim von Braun, Center for Development Research (ZEF), Germany
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 66, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
We examine the long-term effects of childhood work on human capital formation in rural Ethiopia using a unique panel dataset constructed through tracking of children after sixteen years. The findings show that full-time childhood work impedes long-term grade attainment and transitions between school cycles. Furthermore, childhood work-entry age non-linearly affects children’s long-term school transitions. The effects, however, are heterogeneous by child gender and work types. Eliminating full-time childhood work should be at the core of the country’s human capital development agenda. Nevertheless, a blanket ban on all forms of childhood work may be infeasible at best or counterproductive at worst.
Mussa, E.C., Mirzabaev, A., Admassie, A., Nshakira-Rukundo, E. & von Braun, J. (2019). Does childhood work impede long-term human capital accumulation? Empirical evidence from rural Ethiopia. International Journal of Educational Development, 66(1), 234-246. Elsevier Ltd.