Evolution of the inequality of educational opportunities from secondary education to university
Jaime Andrés Sarmiento Espinel, Adriana Carolina Silva Arias, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Colombia ; Edwin van Gameren, El Colegio de México
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 66, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Education is an instrument for citizens to improve their welfare and income, but opportunities to access and attain education are unequally distributed. This paper analyzes how predetermined characteristics affect students’ achievement in two standardized tests, one taken at the end of their secondary education (between 2000 and 2007) and the other when finishing their undergrad studies (2011). The results, using data from Colombia, indicate that the inequality of educational opportunities at both levels of education has increased over time, but that students who finish their undergrad studies in less time manage to mitigate part of the inequality of opportunities.
Sarmiento Espinel, J.A., Silva Arias, A.C. & van Gameren, E. (2019). Evolution of the inequality of educational opportunities from secondary education to university. International Journal of Educational Development, 66(1), 193-202. Elsevier Ltd.