The determinants of university dropouts: a bivariate probability model with sample selection
Economics of Education Review Volume 20, Number 5 ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
In this paper, we study the determinants of university dropouts with a longitudinal data set on student enrolments at the Université de Montréal. With a bivariate probit model with selectivity bias, the variables explaining persistence and dropouts are related to the information gathered on the student about his or her interests and abilities. An environmental variable associated with the number of students in first-year compulsory courses is also a determining factor. These results are consistent with human capital and experimental models developed by economists, and psychosocioligical models pioneered by Tinto to explain dropout behavior. However, the different models offer different policy approaches to the problem of student attrition.
Montmarquette, C., Mahseredjian, S. & Houle, R. The determinants of university dropouts: a bivariate probability model with sample selection. Economics of Education Review, 20(5), 475-484. Elsevier Ltd.