You are here:

The gender gap in K-12 educator salaries

, , , Department of Economics, United States

Economics of Education Review Volume 68, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


We examine gender gaps in the salaries of K-12 educators. This is an occupation where direct gender discrimination is less likely since salaries are determined by a union pay scale and women constitute the majority of employers. Using data from the American Community Survey (ACS), we find a gender gap of $12,000 in the personal income of K-12 educators, with only part of this gap stemming from gender differences in administrative positions, graduate degrees, and grades taught. In contrast, when we use a dataset of the public salaries of K-12 educators, we find a raw gender gap that is about three times smaller. When we directly compare the distribution of annual income for male and female educators between the public salary and ACS data, we find that an important part of the gender gap stems from male educators having additional income outside of their primary teaching salary.


Fox, D., Gmeiner, M. & Price, J. (2019). The gender gap in K-12 educator salaries. Economics of Education Review, 68(1), 23-26. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved December 12, 2019 from .

This record was imported from Economics of Education Review on March 15, 2019. Economics of Education Review is a publication of Elsevier.

Full text is availabe on Science Direct:



View References & Citations Map

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. Signed in users can suggest corrections to these mistakes.

Suggest Corrections to References