The public–private test score gap in Brazil
Pedro Rodrigues de Oliveira, UFGD, Brazil ; Walter Belluzzo, Elaine Toldo Pazello, Department of Economics, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Economics of Education Review Volume 35, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
This paper presents a counterfactual decomposition of the public–private gap on test scores obtained by 8th graders in Brazil. Quantile regression methods are used to obtain a characterization of the conditional distribution of scores, which is then used to build counterfactuals. The results obtained suggest that low performance students attending public schools would perform even worse with the returns to characteristics from private schools’ students. Further analysis brings the importance of the family background to children's scholar achievement.
Oliveira, P.R.d., Belluzzo, W. & Pazello, E.T. (2013). The public–private test score gap in Brazil. Economics of Education Review, 35(1), 120-133. Elsevier Ltd.