Peer turnover and student achievement: Implications for classroom assignment policy
Economics of Education Review Volume 46, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
This paper examines the effect of peer turnover on academic achievement using random variation in classroom composition induced by Tennessee's Student Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) experiment. In central city school districts, I find that first graders benefit from greater peer turnover. Conversely, turnover is found to have a negative effect on young students in schools outside of central city districts. These results are consistent with a model of classroom learning in which the educational returns to having a stronger social network depend on neighborhood context. They suggest that a richer understanding of peer continuity effects is essential for designing optimal classroom assignment policies.
Luppino, M. (2015). Peer turnover and student achievement: Implications for classroom assignment policy. Economics of Education Review, 46(1), 98-111. Elsevier Ltd.