Intercountry and intracountry inequalities in school enrollments: A broad international perspective
Economics of Education Review Volume 14, Number 4 ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Intercountry and intracountry inequalities in school enrollment rates are computed from a large international dataset for 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1986. Five main points are noted. First, intercountry inequality is lowest at level 1 and highest at level 3, and shows a declining trend during the period. Second, interlevel intracountry inequality, which has been marked by dramatic variations across countries, declined during the period in almost all cases. Third, inequalities in female enrollments are typically higher both within and across countries. Fourth, simple models of enrollment “convergence” explain well intercountry changes in enrollment rates, especially for level 1 and level 2. Fifth, the most important determinant of interlevel intracountry enrollment inequality seems to be the degree of rurality of the country. [JEL I21]
Ram, R. Intercountry and intracountry inequalities in school enrollments: A broad international perspective. Economics of Education Review, 14(4), 363-372. Elsevier Ltd.