Instability of children's reading errors in bisyllabic words: The role of context-sensitive spelling rules
Learning and Instruction Volume 26, Number 1, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
We examined the instability of reading errors, that is whether a child reads the same word sometimes correctly and sometimes incorrectly, as a function of the complexity of context-sensitive spelling rules (vowel degemination and consonant gemination). Dutch bisyllabic words were read twice by typical readers in Grades 2 and 3, and reading-level matched poor readers. Grade 3 readers produced more unstable errors than Grade 2 readers. The poor readers did not differ from the typical readers in overall error instability. For typical readers, vowel degemination complicates word identification. For poor readers this effect was even stronger. Of the lexical and sublexical word characteristics, word frequency was the strongest predictor: The higher word frequency, the higher error instability. Word frequency, moreover, interacted with context-sensitive spelling rules in its effect on error instability. Error instability can be considered as an indicator of the transition from incompetence to reading competence.
Steenbeek-Planting, E.G., van Bon, W.H.J. & Schreuder, R. (2013). Instability of children's reading errors in bisyllabic words: The role of context-sensitive spelling rules. Learning and Instruction, 26(1), 59-70. Elsevier Ltd.