Comprehending animations: Effects of spatial cueing versus temporal scaling
Learning and Instruction Volume 20, Number 6 ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
In the present experiment the animation of the operating mechanism of a pendulum clock was used in order to compare the effects of spatial cueing with those of temporal scaling on the comprehension of the animation. The presentation speed of the clock mechanism (normal vs. fast) and signalling cues to three different parts of the mechanism (weight, pendulum, and an irrelevant gear as blinking elements) were used in a 2×3 between subjects design with 144 participants. It was found that compared to normal speed condition, understanding was improved in the fast speed condition, but was unaffected by any of the cueing conditions. The results indicate that, although guidance of attention to relevant parts of an animation is often seen as a key to effective instructional design, the way temporal manipulations affect understanding is independent from local attention guiding.
Fischer, S. & Schwan, S. Comprehending animations: Effects of spatial cueing versus temporal scaling. Learning and Instruction, 20(6), 465-475. Elsevier Ltd.