Helping behaviour during cooperative learning and learning gains: The role of the teacher and of pupils' prior knowledge and ethnic background
Learning and Instruction Volume 18, Number 2, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Is helping behaviour (i.e., solicited help and peer tutoring) during cooperative learning (CL) related to subsequent learning gains? And can teachers influence pupils' helping behaviour? One hundred and one 5th grade pupils from multiethnic schools, 10–12 years old, participated in the study. Forty-two pupils (31 immigrant pupils) worked in an experimental condition, characterized by the stimulation of solicited high quality help and 59 (24 immigrant pupils) worked in a control condition. It was found that learning gains were predicted positively by pupils' unsolicited helping behaviour (i.e., peer tutoring) and negatively by solicited help. Furthermore, teachers were able to affect pupils' low quality solicited help only. Lastly, immigrant pupils used less helping behaviour than local pupils, irrespective of CL setting.
Oortwijn, M.B., Boekaerts, M., Vedder, P. & Strijbos, J.W. (2008). Helping behaviour during cooperative learning and learning gains: The role of the teacher and of pupils' prior knowledge and ethnic background. Learning and Instruction, 18(2), 146-159. Elsevier Ltd.