Achievement after failure: The role of achievement goals and negative self-related thoughts
Learning and Instruction Volume 21, Number 1, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Theory on achievement goals favours a trichotomous model encompassing learning goals, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals. Performance-avoidance goals are associated with lower achievement compared to performance-approach and learning goals. The present study investigated the predictions of this model as regards achievement after failure. Low achievement of participants with performance-avoidance goals was expected to be mediated by a high degree of negative self-related thoughts. Before manipulating achievement goals, achievement on verbal analogies was assessed. After manipulating achievement goals for an anagram task, all participants (
Dickhäuser, C., Buch, S.R. & Dickhäuser, O. (2011). Achievement after failure: The role of achievement goals and negative self-related thoughts. Learning and Instruction, 21(1), 152-162. Elsevier Ltd.