You are here:

The promised land of blended learning: Quizzes as a moderator

, , , , , Department of Educational Development and Research ; , Department of International Health & CAPHRI ; , Department of Educational Development and Research

Educational Research Review Volume 15, Number 1, ISSN 1747-938X Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


Blended learning, defined as a combination of face-to-face and online learning, is expected to lead to improved education. Besides, practical reasons, like increased access to education and resource management, are mentioned for its implementation. To examine whether the expectation of improved education is met, meta-analyses were conducted. They revealed that, on average, blended learning is somewhat more effective than more traditional learning. Additionally, students evaluated it as equally attractive, but seemed to perceive it as more demanding. In sum, blended learning is equal, or maybe even better, than more traditional learning. However, the effects on effectiveness, attractiveness and perceived demands differed much between studies. Moderator analyses found that quizzes positively affect the effectiveness and attractiveness of blended learning. Concluding, blended learning has potential to improve education, when thoughtfully designed, for example by the inclusion of frequent quizzes.


Spanjers, I.A.E., Könings, K.D., Leppink, J., Verstegen, D.M.L., de Jong, N., Czabanowska, K. & van Merriënboer, J.J.G. (2015). The promised land of blended learning: Quizzes as a moderator. Educational Research Review, 15(1), 59-74. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved November 17, 2019 from .

This record was imported from Educational Research Review on January 29, 2019. Educational Research Review is a publication of Elsevier.

Full text is availabe on Science Direct: