You are here:

The relationship among cultural dimensions, education expenditure, and PISA performance
ARTICLE

, , University of Northern Colorado, United States ; , Stockton University, United States

International Journal of Educational Development Volume 42, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

Abstract

We examine the channel relationship between cultural dimensions, public expenditure on education, and country level PISA test scores. We test the hypotheses that cultural dimensions impact aggregate public expenditure on education and higher expenditure improves PISA results. We find a causal relationship between measures of culture and expenditure on education. In particular, we document the negative impact of power distance and masculinity on education expenditure. In contrast, individualism and long-term orientation positively impact public expenditure. In addition, we find a strong positive association between public expenditure on education and PISA scores at the country level. These findings are robust and consistent for all PISA test types. Our research findings shed light on the important role of cultural dimensions on education expenditure and inter-country differences in PISA performance.

Citation

French, J.J., French, A. & Li, W.X. (2015). The relationship among cultural dimensions, education expenditure, and PISA performance. International Journal of Educational Development, 42(1), 25-34. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved January 26, 2020 from .

This record was imported from International Journal of Educational Development on January 28, 2019. International Journal of Educational Development is a publication of Elsevier.

Full text is availabe on Science Direct: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.02.010

Keywords