The relationship among cultural dimensions, education expenditure, and PISA performance
Joseph J. French, Atchaporn French, University of Northern Colorado, United States ; Wei-Xuan Li, Stockton University, United States
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 42, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
We examine the channel relationship between cultural dimensions, public expenditure on education, and country level PISA test scores. We test the hypotheses that cultural dimensions impact aggregate public expenditure on education and higher expenditure improves PISA results. We find a causal relationship between measures of culture and expenditure on education. In particular, we document the negative impact of power distance and masculinity on education expenditure. In contrast, individualism and long-term orientation positively impact public expenditure. In addition, we find a strong positive association between public expenditure on education and PISA scores at the country level. These findings are robust and consistent for all PISA test types. Our research findings shed light on the important role of cultural dimensions on education expenditure and inter-country differences in PISA performance.
French, J.J., French, A. & Li, W.X. (2015). The relationship among cultural dimensions, education expenditure, and PISA performance. International Journal of Educational Development, 42(1), 25-34. Elsevier Ltd.