The Effectiveness of E-Learning Systems: A Review of the Empirical Literature on Learner Control
Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education Volume 14, Number 2, ISSN 1540-4595
E-learning systems are considerably changing education and organizational training. With the advancement of online-based learning systems, learner control over the instructional process has emerged as a decisive factor in technology-based forms of learning. However, conceptual work on the role of learner control in e-learning has not advanced sufficiently to predict how autonomous learning impacts e-learning effectiveness. To extend the research on the role of learner control in e-learning and to examine its impact on e-learning effectiveness, this study reviews 54 empirical articles on learner control during the period 1996-2013. The findings are then applied to derive a conceptual framework as a reference model to illustrate how learner control affects e-learning effectiveness. The findings provide new insights into the role and different dimensions of learner control in e-learning with implications for learning processes and learning outcomes.
Sorgenfrei, C. & Smolnik, S. (2016). The Effectiveness of E-Learning Systems: A Review of the Empirical Literature on Learner Control. Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, 14(2), 154-184.