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A Remotely Operated Science Experiment Framework for Under-Resourced Schools

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Interactive Learning Environments Volume 24, Number 7, ISSN 1049-4820


Teaching argumentation with appropriate activities and strategies would support a wide range of goals in science education. Though science labs have been suggested and employed for argumentation activities, such educational expenditures are likely to be beyond the means of most schools in under-resourced areas. Due to the lack of appropriate technological infrastructure and financial support, science education in developing countries is limited to the traditional approach. Teachers and students in the developing world, or other rural areas without sufficient lab resources in developed countries, would adopt argumentation in science classroom if they utilize their wireless infrastructure. We suggest a remote science lab for students in under-resourced schools, and suggest a possible way to engage them in argumentation activities. This paper introduces Remotely Operated Science Experiment (ROSE) and its implementation, and draws on the result of the intervention focusing on the impact of ROSE on students' argumentation and learning.


Song, D., Karimi, A. & Kim, P. (2016). A Remotely Operated Science Experiment Framework for Under-Resourced Schools. Interactive Learning Environments, 24(7), 1706-1724. Retrieved December 1, 2022 from .

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