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Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis Methodologies: Rigorously Piecing Together Research


TLRPTIL Volume 62, Number 5, ISSN 8756-3894


For a variety of reasons, education research can be difficult to summarize. Varying contexts, designs, levels of quality, measurement challenges, definition of underlying constructs, and treatments as well as the complexity of research subjects themselves can result in variability. Education research is voluminous and draws on multiple methods including quantitative, as well as, qualitative approaches to answer key research questions. With increased numbers of empirical research in Instructional Design and Technology (IDT), using various synthesis methods can provide a means to more deeply understand trends and patterns in research findings across multiple studies. The purpose of this article is to illustrate structured review or meta-synthesis procedures for qualitative research, as well as, novel meta-analysis procedures for the kinds of multiple treatment designs common to IDT settings. Sample analyses are used to discuss key methodological ideas as a way to introduce researchers to these techniques.


Leary, H. & Walker, A. (2018). Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis Methodologies: Rigorously Piecing Together Research. TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 62(5), 525-534. Retrieved August 25, 2019 from .

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