Teachers as Digital Citizens: Factors Influencing Teachers’ levels of Digital Citizenship
Dean Cristol, Belinda G. Gimbert, Ohio State University
World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning, in Concordia University Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA ISBN 978-1-939797-36-0
The purpose of this study is to identify factors that influence teachers’ levels of digital citizenship, defined in terms of individuals’ thinking, skills, and behaviors regarding Internet use. Variables included: (1) teachers’ individual backgrounds (age, gender, years of work experience, and years of teaching experience, subject, and teaching level); (2)Internet use (where to obtain information, the main purpose of using the Internet, and use of social media forteaching); and (3) psychological characteristics (Internet self-efficacy and Internet anxiety). The study unfolded infour phases. A literature review identified a need to study classroom teachers’ self-perceptions as digital citizensrelating to the Internet. Next, 348 teachers were recruited from high need, hard to staff U.S. school districts tocomplete a validated survey. A series of descriptive, correlation, and multiple regression analysis revealed threefindings: (1) teachers demonstrated relatively lower levels of two Digital Citizenship sub-factors, Internet PoliticalActivism and Critical Perspective; (2) there was a strong relation between Internet Self-efficacy and DigitalCitizenship; and (3) three variables (years of work experience, use of social media for teaching, and Internet self-efficacy) significantly influenced teachers’ perceptions of digital citizenship. This study offers recommendations toequip educators with skills and behaviors as digital citizens in the digital and global age.
Cristol, D. & Gimbert, B.G. (2018). Teachers as Digital Citizens: Factors Influencing Teachers’ levels of Digital Citizenship. In D. Parsons, R. Power, A. Palalas, H. Hambrock & K. MacCallum (Eds.), Proceedings of 17th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (pp. 1-7). Concordia University Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.