A Critical Analysis of Characteristics that Influence the Effect of Instructor Discussion Interaction on Student Outcomes
Online Learning Journal Volume 21, Number 4, ISSN 2472-5730
Teacher presence facilitates students\u2019 social and cognitive presence in online courses. Instructor interaction in discussion forums, a widely adopted instructional strategy, establishes teacher presence but research on the optimal frequency and content of instructor interaction in discussion is underdeveloped. This research evaluated 1625 instructor posts in 36 graduate-level courses in education to determine their impact on students\u2019 perceptions of the quality of the instructor and course, students\u2019 perceptions of their learning, and students\u2019 actual achievement. Findings suggest the frequency of instructor interaction in discussion has no effect on student outcomes, but posts that are instructional improve students\u2019 perceptions of their learning, and posts that are conversational improve students\u2019 perceptions of instructor and course quality and their actual academic achievement. Implications for instructors and policymakers are addressed.
Hoey, R. (2017). A Critical Analysis of Characteristics that Influence the Effect of Instructor Discussion Interaction on Student Outcomes. Online Learning Journal, 21(4),.
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