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The SAMR Model as a Framework for Evaluating mLearning

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Online Learning Journal Volume 18, Number 2, ISSN 2472-5730 Publisher: The Online Learning Consortium


As mobile devices become more prominent in the lives of students, the use of mobile devices has the potential to transform learning. Mobile learning, or mLearning, is defined as learning that is personalized, situated, and connected through the use of a mobile device. As mLearning activities are developed, there is a need for a framework within which mLearning activities can be evaluated. The SAMR Model (Puentadura, 2012) provides such a framework. This paper reviews recent literature on mLearning and provides examples of activities that fall within each of the four classifications of the SAMR Model: substitution, augmentation, modification, and redefinition.


Romrell, D., Kidder, L. & Wood, E. (2014). The SAMR Model as a Framework for Evaluating mLearning. Online Learning Journal, 18(2),. The Online Learning Consortium. Retrieved February 21, 2019 from .