Analysis Causes of the Incidence and Compare Social, Economic, Physical Characteristics of Informal Settlements, Case Study: City of Marivan in Kurdistan Province
Farzad Veisi, Payame Noor University, Iran (Islamic Republic Of)
ILSHS Volume 63, ISSN 2300-2697
Informal settlements are one of the problems of urban management in developing countries. Various theories about the causes and management of these settlements have been proposed. The most important of these theories, new socialist, liberal and dependency can be noted. The theory that argues for mandatory clearing informal settlement is not logical. Empowerment approach to be interested by countries and international organizations, and successful examples of this approach, with emphasis on the internal dynamics of these communities has been experienced. This paper tries to analyze the causes of marginalization and social, economic and spatial characteristics of informal settlement of Marivan city in Kurdistan province. Research areas consist of 4 region of Marivan informal settlement (Kosar,tape Mosk , sardoshiha, Tefine) sample size based on Cochran formula is 320 samples that Randomly and in four districts have been selected. Reasons for residents that they living in such places and social, economic characteristics of marginalized communities collected and entered into SPSS software and have been analyzed. The results show that more than 50 percent of residents in informal settlement areas of the city have come to this neighborhood. The main factor in the development of these four areas is not rural migrants. The highest levels of rural migrants from the neighborhood Tefin are that only 47% of residents are immigrants. The results suggest the great differences in social, economic and physical characteristics of slums. Among neighborhoods communities tapa Mosk and Tefini in the index close to each other and compare to two other neighborhoods are poor.
Veisi, F. (2015). Analysis Causes of the Incidence and Compare Social, Economic, Physical Characteristics of Informal Settlements, Case Study: City of Marivan in Kurdistan Province. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 63, 233-242.