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Using Out-of-Level Items in Computerized Adaptive Testing


International Journal of Testing Volume 15, Number 1, ISSN 1530-5058


Out-of-level testing refers to the practice of assessing a student with a test that is intended for students at a higher or lower grade level. Although the appropriateness of out-of-level testing for accountability purposes has been questioned by educators and policymakers, incorporating out-of-level items in formative assessments for accurate feedback is recommended. This study made use of a commercial item bank with vertically scaled items across grades and simulated student responses in a computerized adaptive testing (CAT) environment. Results of the study suggested that administration of out-of-level items improved measurement accuracy and test efficiency for students who perform significantly above or below their grade-level peers. This study has direct implications with regards to the relevance, applicability, and benefits of using out-of-level items in CAT.


Wei, H. & Lin, J. (2015). Using Out-of-Level Items in Computerized Adaptive Testing. International Journal of Testing, 15(1), 50-70. Retrieved March 31, 2020 from .

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