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Adding Some TEC-VARIETY: 100+ Activities for Motivating and Retaining Learners Online

, Indiana University, United States ; , University of Waikato, New Zealand

Adding Some TEC-VARIETY: 100+ Activities for Motivating and Retaining Learners Online. Published . ISBN 978-1-4961-6272-4 Publisher: and Amazon CreateSpace.


Many ideas and events led to the development of the TEC-VARIETY framework and the 100+ activities for motivating and retaining online learners described in this book. Much of it has its roots in the mid-1980s, long before most educators had ever heard of fully online or blended learning. At the same time, the activities take advantage of the recently emerging technologies as well as innovative pedagogical practices of the twenty-first century. Chapters on learning relevance, engagement, collaboration, and interactivity as well as ones on learner autonomy, curiosity, product generation, and so form the centerpiece of this book. In addition, there is a chapter on how to support and motivate more hesitant or novice online instructors. For further information on the book or to download the entire free e-book as well as individual chapters for FREE or to purchase the paperback or Kindle versions, please see:


Bonk, C.J. & Khoo, E. (2014). Adding Some TEC-VARIETY: 100+ Activities for Motivating and Retaining Learners Online. and Amazon CreateSpace. Retrieved April 23, 2019 from .

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Cited By

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    Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2019 (Mar 18, 2019) pp. 1578–1583

  2. Flipped classroom learning in a first-year undergraduate engineering course

    Elaine KhooMira Peter, Wilf Malcolm Institute of Educational Research, Faculty of Education, University of Waikato, New Zealand; Jonathan ScottHowell Round, School of Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Waikato, New Zealand

    EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2018 (Jun 25, 2018) pp. 1275–1280

  3. Keynote: What is the State of E-Learning? Reflections on 30 Ways Learning is Changing

    Curtis Bonk

    Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning Vol. 20, No. 2 (Nov 17, 2016) pp. 6–20

  4. Planning an educational program for IT professionals based on a blended learning model

    Sabina RakoSandra Kucina SofticDobrisa DobrenicIvan MaricZoran Bekic, University of Zagreb, University Computing Centre (SRCE), Croatia

    E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015 (Oct 19, 2015) pp. 149–154

  5. Developing MOOCs to Narrow the College Readiness Gap: Challenges and Recommendations for a Writing Course

    Shoba Bandi-Rao, Borough of Manhattan Community College, CUNY, United States; Christopher Devers, Indiana Wesleyan University, United States

    International Journal on E-Learning Vol. 14, No. 3 (July 2015) pp. 351–371

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact



      About the Authors


        1. Preface to TEC-VARIETY 1
        2. Introducing TEC-VARIETY 7
        3. Online Learning Attrition and Retention: Theory to Practice 19
        4. Online Motivation from Four Perspectives 31
        5. Activities for Principle #2: Encouragement (Feedback, Responsiveness, Praise, and Supports) 69
        6. Activities for Principle #3: Curiosity (Surprise, Intrigue, and Unknowns) 91
        7. Activities for Principle #4: Variety (Novelty, Fun, and Fantasy) 115
        8. Activities for Principle #5: Autonomy (Choice, Control, Flexibility, and Opportunities) 137
        9. Activities for Principle #6: Relevance (Meaningful, Authentic, and Interesting) 157
        10. Activities for Principle #7: Interactivity (Collaborative, Team-Based, and Community) 181
        11. Activities for Principle #8: Engagement (Effort, Involvement, and Investment) 209
        12. Activities for Principle #9: Tension (Challenge, Dissonance, and Controversy) 233
        13. Activities for Principle #10: Yielding Products (Goal Driven, Purposeful Vision, and Ownership) 257
        14. Supporting and Motivating Instructors 279
        15. Recapping TEC-VARIETY 291
        16. Web Links, Examples, and Resources 299
        17. References 319
        18. Index 347