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Young Children’s Learning Performance and Efficiency when Using Virtual Manipulative Mathematics iPad Apps
ARTICLE

, , , , Utah State University, United States ; , University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, United States ; , , , , , , , Utah State University, United States

JCMST Volume 34, Number 1, ISSN 0731-9258 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC USA

Abstract

Part of a larger initiation mixed methods study (Greene, Caracelli, & Graham, 1989), this paper discusses the changes in young children’s learning performance and efficiency (one element of the quantitative portion of the larger study) during clinical interviews in which each child interacted with a variety of virtual manipulative mathematics iPad apps. Researchers interviewed 100 children ages 3 to 8 using a protocol format with two pre-assessment apps, four learning apps, and two post-assessment apps. Following 30-40 minute interviews where children interacted individually with the mathematics apps, results showed that children in the Preschool group increased efficiency while maintaining performance, children in the Kindergarten group increased performance while maintaining efficiency, and children in the Grade 2 group increased their performance and efficiency in skip counting, but not in place value. Overall, children in different age groups responded in different ways to the apps and some apps had a greater influence on children’s learning performance and efficiency than others. To conduct this study, researchers created a variety of research tools that were not readily available because research on children’s interactions with iPad-based virtual manipulative mathematics apps is still in its infancy. The paper describes the processes our research team used to develop new tools for novel and unique research situations.

Citation

Moyer-Packenham, P.S., Shumway, J.F., Bullock, E., Tucker, S.I., Anderson-Pence, K.L., Westenskow, A., Boyer-Thurgood, J., Maahs-Fladung, C., Symanzik, J., Mahamane, S., MacDonald, B. & Jordan, K. (2015). Young Children’s Learning Performance and Efficiency when Using Virtual Manipulative Mathematics iPad Apps. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 34(1), 41-69. Waynesville, NC USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved February 29, 2020 from .

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