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A Longitudinal-Process Model of Drop-Out from Distance Education

Journal of Higher Education Volume 60, Number 3,


A model of drop-out from distance education is proposed. The longitudinal model is developed from Tinto's model. It includes components for background characteristics, goal commitment, academic and social integration, and a cost/benefit analysis. Issues inherent in testing the model are discussed. (Author/MLW)


Kember, D. (1989). A Longitudinal-Process Model of Drop-Out from Distance Education. Journal of Higher Education, 60(3), 278-301. Retrieved May 26, 2019 from .

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