Is Computer-Based Instruction Ready to Move into the Home?
This paper discusses the effects of the instructional use of computers and projects possibilities for their home use. Following a brief introduction, exemplar studies of two computer assisted instruction programs--TICCIT and PLATO--are described. The TICCIT study contrasted the performance of over 5,000 community college students in classes taught primarily by computer with the performance of similar students from lecture/discussion sections of the same courses. The PLATO evaluation included both a large scale demonstration with approximately 4,000 students in community colleges and a smaller demonstration with 1,000 students in elementary classrooms. Research methodologies and findings are given for each study. A 4-year longitudinal study of the uses of CAI for compensatory education in the elementary grades that was conducted in Los Angeles is also described. Several literature reviews and meta analyses are then presented which examine the educational uses of computers and learner control in computer-based education. Comparisons are drawn between the instructional effectiveness of computers and educational television, and supportive findings are presented from evaluations conducted during the early years of "Sesame Street" and "The Electric Company" to determine their educational value. Studies which examine computer equity issues are also reviewed. A brief discussion of new challenges and problems for the educational establishment that will result from computer-based instruction in the home concludes the paper. (JB)
Anastasio, E.J. & Wilder, G.Z. Is Computer-Based Instruction Ready to Move into the Home?.