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Improving teacher candidates' knowledge of phonological awareness: A multimedia approach

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Computers & Education Volume 64, Number 1, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


Knowledge of phonological awareness (PA) and how to teach students to develop PA is an important component of teacher preparation given its role in learning to read. We believe multimedia can play a key role in improving how educators acquire, master, and prepare to implement evidence-based reading instruction in any nation. One multimedia-based instructional practice, Content Acquisition Podcasts (CAPs), utilizes Mayer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (2009) to ensure the looks and sounds of instruction help reduce extraneous cognitive load while maximizing active cognitive processes. In this empirical study, researchers randomly assigned 148 participants (education and non-education university students) to either watch a CAP or read a practitioner friendly article on PA and PA instruction. The dependent variable is an instrument that measures knowledge- and skill-based items related to PA and PA instruction. Results demonstrate a significant main effect and large effect size for the CAP group on the posttest and, several weeks later, a maintenance probe. Findings indicate that multimedia instructional tools, such as CAPs, may benefit undergraduates as they acquire necessary knowledge and skills that underwrite advanced practices for teaching students in general and special education settings.


Kennedy, M.J., Driver, M.K., Pullen, P.C., Ely, E. & Cole, M.T. (2013). Improving teacher candidates' knowledge of phonological awareness: A multimedia approach. Computers & Education, 64(1), 42-51. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved September 21, 2020 from .

This record was imported from Computers & Education on January 29, 2019. Computers & Education is a publication of Elsevier.

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