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Cognitive Presence in A Virtual Learning Community: An EFL Case

, , University of Tehran

JDE Volume 27, Number 1, ISSN 0830-0445 Publisher: Athabasca University Press


This study aimed to investigate the existence of cognitive presence as one of the elements of Community of Inquiry framework in virtual centers of undergraduate students of science and technology. To achieve the purpose of this study, first a questionnaire was uniquely developed on the basis of the suggestions made in the literature reviewing the indicators of cognitive element of CoI framework. The questionnaire was then administered to undergraduate students (N=107) who were studying a technical or a technological course in the Iran University of Science and Technology and Khajeh Nasir Toosi University of Technology. The analysis of the questionnaire data showed that (a) considering the categories, Exploration and Resolution categories appeared more frequently than others in virtual centers of the present study. (b) The indicators of Divergence, Information exchange, and Applying new ideas were hierarchically frequent. In order to promote and sustain cognitive presence, this study suggests virtual language educators to incorporate the indicators of cognitive presence into their classroom context.


Alavi, S. & Taghizadeh, M. (2013). Cognitive Presence in A Virtual Learning Community: An EFL Case. The Journal of Distance Education / Revue de l'ducation Distance, 27(1),. Athabasca University Press. Retrieved October 22, 2019 from .