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Implementing digital citizenship in schools: The research, development and validation of a technology leader's guide

, Kansas State University, United States

Kansas State University . Awarded


The purpose of this study was to research, develop, and validate a technology leader's guide which serves as a resource for implementing Digital Citizenship in schools for leading, teaching, and learning.

The Technology Leader's Guide to Implementing Digital Citizenship in Schools was developed using the research and development methodology recommended by Borg and Gall (1989) and Dick and Carey (1990). The process used for developing and validating the leader's guide included seven steps: (a) needs assessment, (b) proof of concept, (c) product development, (d) preliminary field test, (e) product revision, (f) main field test, and (g) final revision and dissemination.

Information that was gathered through literature review, informal interviews, and a proof of concept questionnaire prepared the focus for the leader's guide. A prototype was produced and then evaluated by Digital Citizenship experts in the preliminary field test. From their feedback, revisions were made to the leader's guide. The guide was then sent to practitioners participating in the main field test. The reviewers in the main field test were technology coordinators, media specialists, and teachers. Final revisions were made to the guide based on the feedback from the main field test participants.

The guide was based on a systems approach to implementing Digital Citizenship. The "Digital Citizenship Metaphor" which was developed as a framework, includes nine themes that technology leaders must address when integrating Digital Citizenship into schools.

Major conclusions of the study were: (1) there was a lack of literature specifically for technology leaders for implementing Digital Citizenship in schools, (2) technology leaders and teachers will benefit from quality resource guides, (3) educational handbooks developed through research and development will offer technology leaders products for improving education, (4) Digital Citizenship has important implications for education, (5) a resource guide for technology leaders and teachers is a useful tool when integrating Digital Citizenship in schools, and (6) a systems approach to implementing Digital Citizenship was an effective method for developing a successful Digital Citizenship program.


Ribble, M.S. Implementing digital citizenship in schools: The research, development and validation of a technology leader's guide. Ph.D. thesis, Kansas State University. Retrieved April 26, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ProQuest on October 23, 2013. [Original Record]

Citation reproduced with permission of ProQuest LLC.

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Cited By

  1. The Experience of Digital Citizenship in a Secondary School Curriculum

    Talitha Kingsmill, Education Consultant, Australia

    EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2018 (Jun 25, 2018) pp. 1710–1715

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