Development of a computer-assisted instruction system for information communication in architectural design studio
Taeyeol Park, Texas A&M University, United States
Texas A&M University . Awarded
Educators in architecture recognize the need of an integrated learning environment to bridge the existing gap between non-studio courses and design studios. Such integration requires the systematic processing of increasing quantities of design information. The purpose of this study is to develop a computer assisted instruction (CAI) system for design studio through information communication and to investigate the system's capability as an integrative tool, a delivery tool, and an instructional tool.
Using an intranet, the CAI system provided design students with CAI lessons on architectural concepts as a supplement to their design project. Evaluation of the CAI system utilized students' scores of concept acquisition tests, their responses to questionnaire surveys conducted during and after the design project, and observations of the researcher. The survey questionnaires involved aspects of the CAI lesson in concept learning and the contribution of the lesson to the design projects. The students' individual data and group data from the tests and surveys were collected and analyzed. The results of the data analysis indicate that the CAI system can perform as an integrative learning tool for acquisition of design knowledge in the design studio. The results also indicate the important role of using examples in learning design concepts, the need for creating rich interactions with the examples, and the need for using different appropriate instructional methods for different levels of concept study.
The findings of this study provide context-bound information for organizing, presenting, and delivering design information and creating interactions with the information for transmitting design knowledge. The findings also suggest approaches that may be used and attitudes toward information technology in the development of computer-based instructional information systems in architectural education and recommend potential uses for the concept of a CAI system to extend beyond the design studio into other areas in the profession of architecture.
Park, T. Development of a computer-assisted instruction system for information communication in architectural design studio. Ph.D. thesis, Texas A&M University.
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