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A Principle for CSCL Design: Emergent Division of Labor

, National Institute of Multimedia Education, Japan ; , Kobe University, Japan ; , , Ibaraki University, Japan

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Lugano, Switzerland ISBN 978-1-880094-53-2 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


This paper deals with an aspect of human activities that is referred to as emergent division of labor (EDL). This refers to the nature of collaboration wherein people interactively and contingently organize, maintain, and reorganize division of labor. The authors argue that this field of EDL is crucial for collaborative learning to serve as a rich repertory of learning opportunities. The practice of EDL is demonstrated with an ethnomethodological analysis of a collaborative learning scene in a face-to-face situation, and the conditions necessary to accomplish EDL are discussed based on the case. Furthermore, from the viewpoint of EDL, design principles of computer support for collaborative learning (CSCL) are proposed.


Kato, H., Mochizuki, T., Funaoi, H. & Suzuki, H. (2004). A Principle for CSCL Design: Emergent Division of Labor. In L. Cantoni & C. McLoughlin (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2004--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 2652-2659). Lugano, Switzerland: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 23, 2019 from .


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Cited By

  1. LiveScreenBoard: Development and Experimental Evaluation of Personal Desktop Sharing Tool for Emergent Division of Labor

    Toshio Mochizuki, Senshu University, Japan; Hiroki Oura, University of Washington, United States; Kazaru Yaegashi, Ritsumeikan University, Japan; Toshihisa Nishimori, Osaka University, Japan; Hiroshi Kato, The Open University of Japan, Japan

    EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2010 (Jun 29, 2010) pp. 691–700

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