The impact of nutrition education videos in changing the nutrition behavior of low-income men and women in drug rehabilitation
JoAnne Castagna, Dowling College, United States
Dowling College . Awarded
Men and women who suffer from substance abuse and also lack financial resources are at risk for malnutrition caused by food insecurity and substance abuse related malnutrition, such as disordered eating patterns. Nutrition education is needed in drug rehabilitation to prevent malnutrition and the illnesses, diseases, and drug relapse that can result. Educational videos may be an effective tool to include in these classes because there has been shown to be a high incidence of low literacy and learning disabilities in drug rehabilitation, making print materials less effective.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nutrition education video in changing the nutrition behavior of 26 adult low-income men and women (15 males and 11 females) in drug rehabilitation. These individuals participated in an Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) provided at an outpatient drug rehabilitation center, located in Suffolk County, New York.
The video evaluated was the “It's A SNAP!” video that is part of the It's A SNAP!-Stanford Nutrition Action Program, a curriculum that has been successful in educating low-income and low-literate individuals on how to choose and to prepare low fat foods. The video was evaluated using a survey that measures nutrition-related behavior change (entry and exit) and a focus group discussion.
Based on the study results, recommendations are provided to various fields of expertise, including nutrition education, drug rehabilitation counseling, health education administration, educators of K–12, policymakers, researchers, and video producers.
Suggestions for producing a nutrition education video specifically for this population are provided. A video for this population should be culturally sensitive and divided into short segments to include the following information—(a) information on how to purchase and to prepare meals on a limited budget, (b) information about this population's risk for food insecurity, substance abuse related malnutrition and substance substitution and how to prevent them, (c) information that clears up nutrition misinformation this population may have, (d) information that instructs these individuals on how to gradually incorporate nutritious foods into their life, (e) information that explains the potential health risks and benefits of following and not following the nutritional advice, (f) nutrition information this population wants more about including fats and grain products, especially in relation to the Food Guide Pyramid, and (g) the video must show people that represent them and share their issues.
Castagna, J. The impact of nutrition education videos in changing the nutrition behavior of low-income men and women in drug rehabilitation. Ph.D. thesis, Dowling College.
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