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Effects of motion and context on Apache language learning

, New Mexico State University, United States

New Mexico State University . Awarded


This study examined the effects of listening to Apache spoken in context versus individual words for Chiricahua word acquisition by adults in a multi-media immersion environment. H1 predicts listening to Apache in context will be more beneficial that listening to word lists. H2 considers a possible relationship between action and word type. Stimuli were spoken Apache followed by two sets each of nouns, verbs, and adjectives (colors). Testing tasks were distributed, and participants' recall was tested for text-to-picture (graphemic) and sound-to-picture (phonemic) associations, and, ability to disambiguate individual words in sentences. Results showed no main effects of motion, and no interaction with word or task type, supporting the dual-coding model (H2b), and a main effect of context on both total word learning, and interactions with both word and task type, supporting H1. Prior Apache knowledge facilitated phonemic associations and adjective recall, but not in other word or task types.


Kalish, M.K. Effects of motion and context on Apache language learning. Master's thesis, New Mexico State University. Retrieved March 23, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ProQuest on October 23, 2013. [Original Record]

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